Germplasm collection and conservation

Reduction on plant biodiversity or genetic erosion is an important issue at global level. The loss of genetic diversity is common also for cultivated fruit species and in Italy more than 80% of the total local varieties is considered in danger. The maintenance of plant biodiversity by ex situ collections can play a fundamental role in association with in situ conservation. A FAO brief, Climate change and biodiversity for food and agricolture, issued in 2008 stated that the ex situ conservation is an important action to be taken to ensure ecosystem adaptation to climate changes.
IVALSA, since the sixties, with its farm, acts as a center for fruit and woody plants conservation. In year 2011 in the “Santa Paolina” experimental farm in Follonica are maintained about 1100 peach, 100 plum, 350 pear, 150 olive, 50 cherry, 60 persimmon, 25 apple and 20 quince-tree varieties. Germplasm collection and characterization continues within the Tuscany territory supported with specific programs sponsored by public and private institutions. When collection involves species that cannot be cultivated inside the farm, as in the case of the chestnut, IVALSA collaborates with other institutions to set up tree collection directly inside each area of interest.
Description of the vegetal material in conservation can be found published on paper, on this internet site as well as in specific pages, in Italian, of the Tuscany Region (Regione Toscana).

IVALSA lately developed and applied new protocols for in-vitro, low temperature and cryo conservation of woody plants germplasm to reduce the needs of the in-vivo conservation.


Claudio Cantini (person in charge)

[Last updated on: 08-03-2016]
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